Weird Science: Neanderthal Man Reconstructed


L
ong has the homo sapiens pondered their original ancestors. Ancient civilizations passed down stories of creation and the origin of humans through myths and legends. Biblical tales and other ancient texts mention that the first ancestors were humans of great stature, but bones discovered showed this to be false. Archaeology and anthropology have been essential in backing up ancient tales or discounting them.

BBC photo
When archaeology became a well-established science with new discoveries, made it improved knowledge but also raised new questions. Recent pathological science has enabled experts to reconstruct facial bones to get a glimpse of what human early ancestors looked like. BBCrecently unveiled a complete reconstruction of the Neanderthal man. They started by putting together a skeleton from a collection of bones and then used forensic science to reconstruct the muscle and skin. It had been determined that most Neanderthals, an Ice Age human mostly had reddish hair. Their eye color, of course had to a scientific guess. 
BBC image from BBC Video
In a revealing article on October 23rd2012, BBC shows a video of the reconstruction’s unveiling of a Neanderthal man so real looking it looks to start striding across the screen. Three years prior, BBC Science folks produced a video about the Neanderthal considered the evolution from an ape-like man whose genes are identical to ours today.
The remains of this adult male, given the name La Ferrassie, discovered in 1909 at La Ferrassie cave in France, was the most important discovery of Neanderthal research to date because the skull was the most complete ever found, as well as leg and foot bones. The Neanderthal was stocky with strong arms and hands and their skulls were large, longer and lower than modern humans had sloping foreheads and no chin.
Some of the bones used in reconstruction were from the Kebara Cave in Israel, discovered in 1982 at Mount Carmel.
The Neanderthal existed when mammoths still roamed the Earth. The hunted using spear-like weapons and developed clans, mostly living in caves rather than villages as their descendants would do.
Another recent find was a Stone Age tomb found in Sweden that is about 5,500 years old and at the site of a monument shaped like a Viking-era ship which scientists call Ale’s Stenar (Ale’s Stones). It has been determined that the stones from the tomb were used to build the monument. It is located on a seaside cliff in the village of Kåseberga where 59 boulders are arranged in an outline of a ship 67 meters long (220 feet). By digging a small trench through the center of the circle of stones, they found that giant boulders were removed long ago. The site is considered a Neolithic burial chamber (dolmen), but no skeleton was found. The dating makes it older than Stonehenge. Such burial sites are scattered all over Scandinavia and later civilizations stole many of the boulders to build churches and other large structures. 
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