People’s Republic of China is hardly a republic, remaining communist despite the fall of the Soviet Union, which fell because of mostly economic infrastructure failure. China did not do so because the leadership craftily has not relied upon just military might but other tactics like destroying other economies, while building up their own as well as cyber warfare that includes stealing inventions and designs from other countries in order to quickly increase its power. The People’s Republic of China was established on October 1st, 1949, which was transformed from the Republic of China [January 1st 1912] and before that the Qing Dynasty, the first unification of China being in 221 BC under the Qin Dynasty.
China has a constitution, but nothing like what Americans know as a constitution that has been amended several times.
The military consists of the People’s Liberation Army [PLA], a Navy, Air Force, and artillery that is used primarily as a strategic missile force. Military service is compulsory between the age of 18 and 24 with no minimum age for voluntary service. All officers are volunteers. Women hold certain positions in the military and recently are allowed in combat positions. As of 2012, 2.6% of China’s GDP is spent on military.
China’s growth in success and power began with the move from a closed, centrally planned system to a system more oriented toward market becoming a major role in world economics. In 2010, China became the world’s largest exporter thanks to nations that includes the US aiding them in economic endeavors. Formerly their agriculture base was collective as custom in communist countries, but it expanded gradually into a more liberalized system. However, Europe’s economic has affected China in a negative way and continues in 2013. The inflation rate concerning consumer prices reduced from 5.4% in 2011 to 2.6% in 2012.
Henry Rosemont wrote in 2008:
China’s unprecedented industrial growth over the last two decades has raised the question of whether it now poses a threat to the security of the United States economically, militarily, or both. Economically, the extent to which China truly threatens the United States depends at least in part on the chauvinistic assumption that any potential challenge to absolute U.S. global economic dominance is threatening. On the military question, the answer is much clearer. China is not a military threat to the United States. Only those who believe that Fu Manchu is alive and well in the Middle Kingdom and fulfilling his dreams of world domination through a large and aggressive army, air force, and navy still subscribe to a notion that China poses a global military threat. … Much has been made of the double-digit increase in Chinese defense spending over the last three years. China has indeed increased its spending. But much of the additional expenditures have been devoted to upgrading information, weapons, and communications systems. At the same, China has cut troop strength to almost half of what it was in 1990. … the Chinese have much better grounds for fearing the United States than the other way around, and this holds true not only in terms of actual military capabilities, but also in the readiness and willingness to use them. Unlike the United States, which has well over a quarter of a million troops stationed overseas with attendant army, naval, and air force weapons and delivery systems equal to the rest of the world together, the entire Chinese army, navy, and air force are based within its own borders, and shooting at no one.
China has expanded its cyber agenda since that period so now it is included in the military infrastructure. It has become a concern for national security of the United States and at the same time China is accusing the US of doing the same.
The cyber-attacks are ongoing is most likely coming from both sides, as China claims that 16,338 Chinese websites that include 1802 belonging to the Chinese government.
China may be the world’s biggest cyberspace aggressor, but security specialists say China’s computer-controlled infrastructure is more vulnerable to cyber-attacks and to malfunctioning domestic software than are Western systems. Read Patricia Adams’ piece in the Huffington Post on why China’s dams are vulnerable to both.
China’s military leadership perceives dams as strategic targets because if they suddenly release a mass of water, loss of life could be great as well as damaging civil defenses. China is currently building more than 170 new mega dams and the US or someone else could use those dams to weaken China and kill many people.
As previously mentioned, the majority of computer programs, as many other things, operate on pirated software. Indeed, that has caused the Chinese government to reconsider using pirated software because it can be used against them. According to James Lewis, Washington Times, much of the pirate software comes from the Russian mafia …
So your software sector is stunted because no one can make any money selling a product that will be so quickly and easily pirated…. if you use pirated software, you have no idea where it comes from. …
China should thank President Clinton for their boost in technology and as far as security it wasn’t much better after GW Bush took office; indeed national debt rose and so did trade obligations with China – the US market literally swamped with merchandise stamped “Made in China”.
We are financing China’s agenda.